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Old March 14th, 2017, 02:49 PM   #61
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Today's "epidemic" is just the most recent of three waves of mass abuse of psychoactive pharmaceuticals in America that stretch back over a century. Placing the current prescription drug "epidemic" in longer historical context is important because it provides a social laboratory of past approaches for dealing with the problem whose successes and failures have much to teach us. It also reminds us that even in an age when addiction is increasingly understood as a brain disease, many aspects of the problem that impinge on individual and community well-being are rooted in society, culture, and politics, and have changed over time.

The first wave of pharmaceutical drug abuse predated the category of "prescription drugs." By the late 19th century, the increased medical use of morphine (a substance known as "God's own medicine") and the newly discovered cocaine produced a sharp rise in drug dependence among White, middle-class men and especially women. It also eventually fostered popular markets in America's growing cities, where largely immigrant working classes adopted the use of opiates and cocaine along with amusement parks, saloons, brothels, and other aspects of a new and often disreputable popular culture.[8,9]

This wave of pharmaceutical drug use provoked America's first widespread antidrug campaigns. Initial efforts were voluntary: increased education of physicians and pharmacists through professional campaigns, and protective legislation (the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 [Pub L No. 59-384], which gave rise to the modern Food and Drug Administration [FDA], initially required only truth in labeling). But once established, drug markets were difficult to eradicate. Disturbed by the persistence of nonmedical heroin and cocaine use, especially in major cities, Progressive reformers passed the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act of 1914 (Pub L No. 63-223), which made opiates and cocaine America's first (and, at the time, only) prescription-only drugs.[10] A short-lived period of state and local experiments with opiate maintenance clinics was quickly quashed by federal narcotics authorities, who focused almost exclusively on supply-side measures to restrict manufacture and sale. Federal authorities and other drug "experts" accompanied those measures with demonization and punishment of drug users, whom they characterized as "junkies" with little hope of recovery.[11,12]

As preoccupation with fearsome "junkies" dominated drug policy, physicians and their "respectable" patients shifted to the use of newer, less stigmatized, and less tightly regulated drugs: barbiturates and amphetamines, which became the foci of a second wave of pharmaceutical drug abuse lasting from the 1920s to the 1970s. Although barbiturates had first been introduced in 1906, they were not widely used until after the Harrison Act, after which they became one of the most common prescription ingredients.[13] Amphetamines became medically available in the 1930s and quickly came into mass use as diet aides and antidepressants after use was normalized for millions of soldiers during World War II.[14]
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Old March 14th, 2017, 02:53 PM   #62
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Well? I asked you a question.
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Old March 14th, 2017, 02:53 PM   #63
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You can trace the "drug epidemic" back directly to the government for the last 50+ years.



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Really what about all the drug epidemics before 1967?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hist...ug_prohibition




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Old March 14th, 2017, 03:24 PM   #64
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as always you spew meaningless crap.
the rw lead in states is up for grabs next year, and the way it's going ,thanks to some "stellar" leadership by the douchebag in chief .the house of cards will fall faster than expected.
Tissue?
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Old March 14th, 2017, 03:56 PM   #65
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Tissue?
as always out of context.
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Old March 16th, 2017, 10:43 AM   #66
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You can trace the "drug epidemic" back directly to the government for the last 50+ years.
Specifically, it's been long suspected and occasionally verified (Gary Webb's reporting in the 80's) that the CIA, FBI and other alphabet soup agencies have to be somewhere in the pipeline as coca fields, marijuana and poppy fields are planted, harvested, products produced shipped throughout the world..including American cities, for these industries to function. The occasional drug busts are for PR purposes or represent a shift in the deck chairs, such as the CIA switching allegiances from the Medellin Cartel to the Cali Cartel in Columbia.

The drug cartels and their financiers and money-laundering major banks, would not be able to keep these highly profitable industries functioning without having to give a cut of some kind to US agencies backed up by US naval and air power all over the world! The only question is how big is that cut, and how much control do the agencies actually exert over the drug pushers?

Now, if as I suspect, you're waiting to spring a libertarian solution for this problem, I'll ask in advance how libertarians (who as far as I'm aware, support these police state agencies) propose to end drug trafficking and all its related problems?
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Old March 16th, 2017, 11:05 AM   #67
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Bull-fucking-shit, there have only been 5 occasions in our history when the candidate with the largest popular vote count did not win the Presidency.

Don't give us shit about how "the popular vote tally in not indicative of either candidates popularity..." My dying old ass it's not "indicative of popularity."
What a dumb thing for you to say.
I have to add though, that unless the US plans on constitutionally abolishing its Electoral College system, the Democrats should expect to lose more times in the future, if the Party continues on its present trajectory of zeroing in on getting their key demographic base (all urban) out to vote, and don't even bother spending any of their campaign warchests on sending people out into the hinterland knocking on doors or addressing concerns of rural voters they mock and ignore, they should expect to lose! Clinton's 'advantage' was California and New York; if the Democrats think they can run the whole country by controlling two states, they have to make some radical changes to the system first!

But, on that point of not having a well-distributed voter base, I don't see the Dems emphasis on their popular vote win as a good sign for democracy, because people in different regions of a large country have different, specific interests that may not be shared by people living in other states. If you take away or plow under their interests, that's not democracy! It's no more than mob rule!

Here in Canada, we had something similar happen throughout the 20th century, as Liberal leaders had a near monopoly in Parliament as long as they won clear majorities in the largest provinces: Ontario and Quebec. This created a long period where griping from the west and the Maritimes was turning into hostility towards both Quebec and Ontario and interest in separatist parties. We did have a system that was supposed to balance regional interests at Canada's founding in 1867..but that was an unelected, appointed upper house- The Senate, which originally was supposed to have 25 members from the West, Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes may have provided a regional balance, if it had not turned into a rubberstamp for the Prime Ministers that put them there, and so they never stopped or sent back parliamentary bills they didn't like.

In Alberta, a separatist movement...mostly built out of resentment against Ottawa's cut from Alberta's oil and gas revenues led to the creation of the Reform Party. And years later, when that Reform Party merged back in with Conservatives, we ended up with an American-style Conservative government that we were just lucky to get rid of in time, before they became permanently entrenched.

The results make me wonder how much of the bullshit we had with Harper sprung out of that western resentment of years of having no representation in Ottawa under Liberal governments. So, long story short, any real democracy has to recognize more than the will of the majority, but various special interests and regional interests also.
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Old March 16th, 2017, 11:38 AM   #68
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Yes. This is why Bernie Sanders was popular with Millennial voters who stayed home rather than vote for Clinton.

Sanders popularity, as well as his socialist populism, hasn't gone anywhere. It is just as popular now with the Millennials as it was during the campaign. The Democrats will not be moving back to the center, and special elections as of late are being won by younger, much more leftist Democrats. That seems to be a trend going forward.

Democrats will be running on Sanders populist ideals of single payer healthcare, and affordable college, and higher taxes on the rich to pay for infrastructure jobs, and the training programs for those Millennials that will make up the workforce in the coming decades.

In case you missed it last night, Bernie Sanders did a townhall forum in a county in West Virginia, that went for Trump in double digits, that were expressing buyers remorse for that vote, and were agreeing with Sanders positions on those ideals listed above.

The five items I listed will be what wins elections beginning in the near future. And now that Trump has been exposed as not being the populist he was elected as being, but the outdated right winger, with the same tired and failed politics on the 80's, candidates in the future will have to demonstrate they are going to adhere to those five items.
Here's a story today that should give Dems something to worry about as they fritter around pissing off the growing leftward shift in younger voters:

Seeing red: Membership triples for the Democratic Socialists of America - LA Times

Holding red and white signs, they protested outside Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti’s election party on Tuesday, demanding the city take a tougher stand against deportation.

The next day, they rallied in support of the International Women’s Day strike, demanding social and economic equality for women.

These weren’t liberals. They were card-carrying members of the Democratic Socialists of America, one of the fastest growing groups on the American left.

The surge of activism sweeping the U.S. since Donald Trump’s election has energized the nation’s largest socialist organization, which has tripled in size over the last year to claim more than 19,000 dues-paying members. That’s a record for the DSA, which was founded in 1982.

“People really felt that they had to do something to combat the incoming Trump administration,” said David Duhalde, the deputy director of the Democratic Socialists of America’s national leadership, which helps coordinate chapters spread across 40 states. “We’re not only somebody you can resist Trump with, we’re somebody you can build a better world with.”

There’s no doubt that the grassroots group forms only a small part of America’s swelling ranks of activists. The American Civil Liberties Union amassed hundreds of thousands of new members after Trump’s victory. The fast-growing and liberal-centric “Indivisible” movement claims 4,500 associated groups compared with the 121 chapters of the Democratic Socialists of America. As far as political parties go, California alone boasts 8.7 million registered Democrats.

But unabashed socialism hasn’t had this big of a voice in American politics in decades, and many leftists say they feel energized. New members of the Democratic Socialists of America say they want build a grassroots movement engaged at the local level — and either pull the Democratic Party leftward or shove it out of the way.
.................................
The Democratic Socialists of America’s membership spike seems driven by three factors: younger Americans, who polls say are more open to socialism than previous generations; the 2016 Democratic primary campaign of U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), a self-described democratic socialist whose race ignited a grassroots following but also left bitter feelings about the Democratic Party; and the galvanizing effect that Trump’s election has had on left-leaning Americans, who have increasingly turned to grassroots activism.*1

Among leftists, the DSA is considered a “big-tent” organization. Decisions are made by topic-specific committees instead of through adherence to rigid ideology, which allows for a relatively wider range of opinion than other groups. The group also takes a more incremental approach to reining in free-market capitalism.

“As we are unlikely to see an immediate end to capitalism tomorrow, DSA fights for reforms today that will weaken the power of corporations and increase the power of working people,” says the group’s website. “Our vision is of a society in which people have a real voice in the choices and relationships that affect the entirety of our lives.”

It’s yet to be seen what kind of impact the group might have.*2 Socialism has never been a dominant force in American electoral politics. Previously, its most successful American leader was Eugene V. Debs, who won 6% of the presidential vote in 1912 running on the Socialist Party of America ticket.

And although some conservatives view the Democratic Socialists of America as subversive radicals, other leftists see them as not nearly radical enough.

“The farthest they can go is supporting elements such as Bernie Sanders,” Marc Wells, a Trotskyist, said disdainfully as he handed out leaflets for the World Socialist Web Site at the International Women’s Day strike in Los Angeles, where some Democratic Socialists of America members had also gathered. The site is published by the International Committee of the Fourth International, which, like other Marxist groups such as the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA, advocate harder-line approaches than the DSA.

In Wells’ view, Sanders and “pseudo-left reformism” only perpetuates capitalism rather than leading to a necessary revolution, and the result is that “the working class is led back into the Democratic Party.” By contrast, Wells said, “We seek to prepare the working class to seize political power.”

Duhalde, the DSA’s deputy national director, said the group is “flexible and willing to change” compared to other leftist approaches. “There’s been a huge generational shift of millennials who are going to reinvent the socialist project,” Duhalde said, adding that more than half of new members who joined since Trump’s victory are younger than 30.

Many new members say they heard about the group on Twitter, where Democratic Socialists of America members and supporters often put red rose emojis next to their user handles, an armband for the digital era. New enlistees have posted photos of their membership cards, which show their names along with the title “official socialist organizer.”

*1
I have to insert here that growth in DSA is not just because of Sanders' campaign, but also from witnessing the Democratic Party cheating him in the primaries and not adopting his three key issues. The DNC and media allies have been unable to deflect the fraud revealed in the #Podestaleaks and #DNCleaks in their goals of steering the question to did the Russians do it? Even if Bernie stays in and continues as a loyal member of the Party, his coattails have shrunk since the Election, as more and more supporters look elsewhere for that third party alternative to focus on in the future. Who knows, it might be the DSA, but it's still too early to tell.

*2
Yes, socialism has been a force in American politics previously, but don't expect the LA Times to allow one of their reporters to tell you about the "Wobblies", Big Bill Hayward, Emma Goldmann or the Haymarket Square Riot...or mention that the first time the left got kicked down in the Democratic Party was when FDR's Vice President- Henry Wallace, was removed and replaced at the 1944 Democratic Convention by a fraud perpetrated by the Convention committee and replaced with Harry S. Truman. So yes, there is a socialist history in American politics, but don't expect to find any of that history in MSM sources like the LA Times! Oh well, at least they're acknowledging a story exists here, and that's about as much as I expect from corporate media.
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