List of African-American inventors and scientists

Sep 2018
4,251
759
cleveland ohio
#1
Name Years Occupation(s) Inventions / accomplishments References Amos, Harold1918–2003MicrobiologistFirst African-American department chair at Harvard Medical School[5]Alcorn, George Edward, Jr.1940–Physicist, inventorInvented a method of fabricating an imaging X-ray spectrometer[6][7]Andrews, James J.1930–1998MathematicianPut forth the Andrews–Curtis conjecture in group theory with Morton L. Curtis, still unsolved[8]Alexander, Archie1888–1958Civil engineerResponsible for the construction of many roads and bridges, including the Whitehurst Freeway, the Tidal Basin Bridge, and an extension to the Baltimore-Washington Parkway.Bailey, Leonard C.?–1918InventorFolding bed[9]Ball, Alice Augusta1892–1916ChemistExtracted chaulmoogra oil for the treatment of Hansen's disease (leprosy)[10]Banneker, Benjamin1731–1806Mathematician, astronomer, surveyor, clockmaker, author, farmerWooden clock (1753); assisted in survey of the original boundaries of the District of Columbia (1791); authored almanac and ephemeris (1792–1797)[11]Banyaga, Augustin1947–MathematicianWork on diffeomorphisms and symplectomorphisms[12]Bashen, Janet1957–Inventor, entrepreneur, professional consultantFirst African-American woman to receive a patent for a web-based software invention, LinkLine, an Equal Employment Opportunity case management and tracking software[13]Bath, Patricia1942–OphthalmologistFirst African-American female physician to receive a patent for a medical invention; inventions relate to cataract surgery and include the Laserphaco Probe, which revolutionized the industry in the 1980s, and an ultrasound technique for treatment[14][15][16]Beard, Andrew1849–1921Farmer, carpenter, blacksmith, railroad worker, businessman, inventorJanney coupler improvements; invented the car device #594,059 dated November 23, 1897; rotary engine patent #478,271 dated July 5, 1892[17]Bell, Earl S.1977–Inventor, entrepreneur, architect, industrial designerInvented chair with sliding skin (2004) and the quantitative display apparatus (2005)[18]
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Benjamin, Miriam1861–1947Inventor, educatorInvented "Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels"; second African-American woman to receive a patent[21]Berry, Leonidas1902–1995GastroenterologistGastroscope pioneer[22]Bharucha-Reid, Albert T.1927–1985Mathematician, statisticianProbability theory and Markov chain theorist[23]Black, Keith1957–NeurosurgeonBrain tumor surgery and research[24][25]Blackwell, David1919–2010Mathematician, statisticianFirst proposed the Blackwell channel model used in coding theory and information theory; one of the eponyms of the Rao–Blackwell theorem, which is a process that significantly improves crude statistical estimators[26]Blair, Henry1807–1860InventorSecond black inventor to issue a patent; invented seed planter and cotton planter.[27]
[28]
 
Sep 2018
4,251
759
cleveland ohio
#2
Boahen, Kwabena1964–BioengineerSilicon retina able to process images in the same manner as a living retina[29][30]Boone, Sarah1832–1905InventorIroning board allowing sleeves of women's garments to be ironed more easily[31][32][33]Bouchet, Edward1852–1918PhysicistFirst African-American to receive a Ph.D. in any subject; received physics doctorate from Yale University in 1876Bowman, James1923–2011PhysicianPathologist and geneticist; Professor Emeritus Pritzker School of Medicine; first tenured African-American professor at the University of Chicago Division of Biological Sciences[34][35]Boykin, Otis1920–1982Inventor, engineerArtificial heart pacemaker control unit[36][37][38]Brady, St. Elmo1884–1966ChemistPublished three scholarly abstracts in Science; collaborated on a paper published in the Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry[39]Branson, Herman1914–1995Physicist, educatorProtein structure research[40][41]Brooks, Charles1865– ?Inventor[citation needed]Street sweeper truck and a type of paper punch[citation needed]Brooks, Phil19xx–Inventor[citation needed]First US patent for a disposable syringe[citation needed]Henry Brown1832– ?InventorInvented fire safe[42]Brown, Oscar E.18xx– ?InventorReceived a patent for an improved horseshoe[43]Brown, Marie Van Brittan1922–1999InventorInvented the home security system[44]Burr, John Albert18xx– ?InventorRotary-blade lawn mower patent[45]Cannon, Thomas C.1943-InventorLed a group of engineers who developed the Tactical Optical Fiber Connector (TOFC), the first fiber optic connector deployed under battlefield conditions, and the ST Connector that helped make fiber optic communications affordable.Cardozo, P. William1905–1962PediatricianSickle cell anemia studies; in October 1937 he published "Immunologic Studies in Sickle Cell Anemia" in the Archives of Internal Medicine; many of the findings are still valid todayCarson, Ben1951–Pediatric neurosurgeonPediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University; first surgeon to successfully separate craniopagus twins[46]Carruthers, George1939-
 
Sep 2018
4,251
759
cleveland ohio
#3
AstrophysicistInvented ultraviolet camera/spectograph, which was used by NASA when it launched Apollo 16 in 1972[44]Carver, George Washington1865–1943Botanical researcherDiscovered hundreds of uses for previously useless vegetables and fruits, principally the peanut[47][48][49][50]Charles W. Chappelle1872–1941Electrician, construction, international businessman, and aviation pioneerDesigned long-distance flight airplane; the only African-American to invent and display the airplane at the 1911 First Industrial Air Show held in conjunction with the Auto Show at Grand Central Palace in Manhattan in New York City; president of the African Union Company, Inc.[51][52][53]Chappelle, Emmett1925–Scientist and researcherValuable contributions to several fields: medicine, biology, food science, and astrochemistryClark, Mamie1914–2005PsychologistConducted 1940s experiments using dolls to study children's attitudes about raceClark, Kenneth1917–1983PsychologistFirst Black president of the American Psychological Association[54]Crosthwait, David, Jr.1898–1976Research engineerHeating, ventilation, and air conditioning; received some 40 US patents relating to HVAC systemsCurtis, James H (Nick)1935-Researcher, chemist (electronics/specialty chemicals)Organic ionogen for aluminum electrolytic capacitors, cationic dialdehyde polysaccharides for wet strength paper and others, US Patent Office US Pat #3609467 US Pat #3547423 and othersDabiri, John1980–BiophysicistExpert on jellyfish hydrodynamics and designer of a vertical-axis wind farm adapted from schooling fishDaly, Marie Maynard1921–2003ChemistFirst black American woman with a Ph.D. in chemistryDean, Mark1957–Computer scientistLed the team that developed the ISA bus, and led the design team responsible for creating the first one-gigahertz computer processor chip[55][56][57]Drew, Charles1904–1950Medical researcherDeveloped improved techniques for blood storageDu Chaillu, Paul1831–1903Zoologist
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Dec 2017
2
0
Quebec
#6
comparing it to the number of white scientists and inventor would make this compilation more relevant, assuming you are trying to prove intellectual equality between races
 
Jul 2014
12,417
7,473
massachusetts
#8
You left out the greatest black inventor of all, Jan Matzeliger.
I think you measure an inventor by how his invention effects your life, to me, Edison is the greatest inventor.

But Matzeliger is close, we all wear shoes, and his invention made shoes affordable.
 
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