THE LAWS OF SALAZAR

Mar 2017
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AS LEIS DE SALAZAR


AS LEIS DE SALAZAR - JUP »»»» Link in portuguese.


Salazar controlled and regulated, from the lighters to the kisses on the mouth. It was in 1974 that the Portuguese liberated themselves from these prohibitions, which many do not know. But because "those who do not remember the past are doomed to repeat it," let's look at some.


António de Oliveira Salazar was born in Vimieiro, a former parish in the municipality of Santa Comba Dão, in the district of Viseu. It was born into a family of small farm owners. His education was strongly marked by Catholic conservatism, having attended for eight years the Diocesan Seminary of Viseu. Although he ended up giving up his ecclesiastical life and attending Law in Coimbra, religious influence never left him.

He was a professor of Economics at the Coimbra Law School. His first major incursion into political power comes with the coup of May 28, 1926, which gives rise to the Military Dictatorship, ending with the First Republic and raising Salazar to the Government, as collaborator of Sinel Cordes, Minister of Finance.

Two years later, Portuguese finances were on the brink of rupture, which led to the estrangement of Sinel Cordes and the rise of Salazar - again invited to join the executive body. Between the Ministry of Finance and the institutionalization of Estado Novo, only six years passed, during which Salazar managed to revive Portuguese finances.

In 1933 a new Constitution was born, which was subject to a plebiscite. Salazar, in one of his last declarations as Minister of Finance, said: "Although the majority of the people are not able to vote in full consciousness of the full text of the Constitution, their vote has a political meaning that it is not lawful to despise : it is a vote of confidence in the leaders ".


The 1933 Constitution established as the cornerstone of the system the president, who was given the power to appoint a President of the Council, in whom were fully concentrated the executive powers: the president, between 1933 and 1968 was Oscar Carmona, who appointed Salazar as Board Chairman.

In paragraph 5 of article 13 it is said: "In order to defend the family belongs to the State and local authorities to take all measures to avoid the corruption of customs." It is on the path of this article that during the Estado Novo, a series of laws are promulgated, whose purpose would be to protect good customs.

António Costa Santos, in his book "Prohibido!", Makes the survey of the most peculiar prohibitions of the Estado Novo, for which penalties were established for offenders and benefits for informers.

In an ironic tone, the author recalls the country where it was forbidden to go from miniskirt to high school where homosexuality was prohibited, which was considered "a mental illness, treated in the asylum" and where "the husband was allowed to kill the woman in flagrant adultery "(Article 372 of the Criminal Code of 1886).

"A married man who finds his wife in adultery ... and in that act shall either kill her or the adulterer, or both, or do them any bodily offenses ... shall be banished out of the country for six months"

Portaria 69035 of 1953, was intended to increase the policing in zones, at the time, considered warm. We read: "There is an increase in acts that violate morals and good manners, which are happening day by day in public places and gardens, and especially in the forest areas Montes Claros, Parque Silva Porto, Mata da Trafaria , Botanical Garden, Tapada da Ajuda and others, the Police and Forest Guard are given permanent vigilance over people who seek out leafy vegetation for the practice of acts that violate morality and good manners. Thus, and in addition to that Posture nº 69035, it is established and it is determined that article 48 has the following fulfillment:

1st Hand in Hand ........................ 2 $ 50
2nd Hand in that ..................... 15 $ 00
3rd in the hand .................. 30 $ 00
4º That in that .................. 50 $ 00
5º That behind that ......... 100 $ 00

With the tongue in it, $ 150 fine, arrested and photographed. "


Two strays

In the 1933 film, "A Canção de Lisboa", the character Vasquinho, defined his life as a student singing: "From cloak to the air, head to the léu, without me to live I lived, lazy, and everything else were songs." However, the current Penal Code decreed imprisonment for up to six months for anyone considered bereaved.

Vadio was "he who has no right of residence in which he lives, nor means of subsistence, nor habitually carries out any profession or trade, or other office in which he earns his life."
 
Mar 2017
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THE LAWS OF SALAZAR


From primary teachers

In turn, those who earned their living as primary teachers were prohibited from marrying without the permission of the Minister of Education. In the decree-law of the decade of 50 that established this rule could read:

"The marriage of the teachers can not take place without the permission of the Minister of National Education, who should only grant it in the following terms:

1º To have good moral and civil behavior;

2º To have the applicant maturity or income, documented, in harmony with the teacher's salaries. "


Of lighters and lighters

But be aware that if the primary teacher's future husband were a smoker, he would have to light his cigarettes with matches or buy a cigarette lighter.

This is because in November 1937, Decree-Law No. 28219 established that any citizen, in order to use lighters (or other type of lighters) in public, had to have a license, passed by the Finance Department.

The license was only for a lighter and for its respective holder, who could not lend it. The tax inspectors and the police could seize the lighter and fine those who did not have this document. This Decree-law was abolished in 1970.

Of the beach costumes

But even more so: if the said future husband of the teacher wanted to smoke on the beach, accompanied by his fiancée, both would have to bring a bathing suit to measure. This is because, in 1941, many refugees from World War II arrived in Portugal, who were not accustomed to the modesty and conservatism of the Salazarist Portugal. Consequently, the Minister of the Interior dictated:

"Facts that occurred during the last bathing season showed the need to establish, with the possible precision, the appropriate norms to safeguard the minimum conditions of decency that the moral and even aesthetic conceptions of the civilized peoples still fortunately do not dispense"


On May 5 of that year, the decree-law 31: 247 was born, which included "various provisions on the use and sale of bathing suits", establishing and establishing "the system of supervision and penalties to be applied to offenders." Thus, men and women would obey specific rules in the way of dressing on the beach:

The men should use "whole suit in which the previous cloth is extended covering the entire front of the shorts, from sewing to side seam. The shorts should be just to the right leg and have a leg length of at least two centimeters. The front of the suit, regardless of the shape of the neckline, should cover the front of the trunk, covering the nipples. The back can be cut to the waist ".

For women, "the bathing suit must be whole and have a closed petticoat. The inner shorts are right-leg, right-cut and should have a minimum leg length of two inches. The kilt, which may be independent of the body of the suit, shall have the necessary length to exceed at least one centimeter the lower end of the shorts after dressing. The front of the suit should cover the front of the body, and the neckline can not be exaggerated, to the point of discovering the breasts. The back can be cut up to ten centimeters above the waist, without prejudice to the cut of the cavas that should be, as much as possible, girded to the armpits.

In both cases the use of facts that were "immoral by their transparency" was not allowed. Girls up to age 10 and boys up to age 12 were exempt from the abovementioned standards except "in cases of early development".


From classroom furniture

At the end of the bathing season, when the teacher returned to the classroom, the room should be correctly configured: "behind and above the teacher's chair a crucifix, as a symbol of Christian education determined in the Constitution." The introduction of the crucifix in schools is decreed by Law No. 1941 of April 11, 1934.




But Salazar did not stop there. In Decree No. 25: 305/1934, of May 9, aiming to fix the minimum furniture for the operation of each classroom of primary education determines that in each one there should be "duly framed, the portrait of the Head of State and, safeguarded in a convenient way, a national flag ".


From books and studies

However, do not think that the classroom would be full of students from the most varied social strata. At this time, only the children of wealthier families had the opportunity to study, so that even today the highest illiteracy rate is among the oldest population. Other particularities are, for example, the fact that in the province the pupils have to ask for the teacher's blessing and, in Lisbon, to give the good times in chorus.

In a first-class reading book one could read, before class:

"All: In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

Teacher: Jesus, Divine Master,

All: Enlighten my intelligence, direct my will, purify my heart, so that I may always be a Christian faithful to God and a useful citizen of the country.

All: Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory "

And after class:

"Teacher: Thank you, Lord,

All: For all the benefits you have given us. Amen.

Teacher: Bless, Lord,

All: Your Church, our homeland, our Rulers, our families and all the schools of Portugal. Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory. In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen "
The 1976 Constitution brought a catalog of rights, freedoms and guarantees that today, in a true State of Law, are for everyone and for all. Because "we are a people that close ranks, part to the conquest of bread and peace," today "we are free, we are free, we will not go back."
 
Mar 2017
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Friend. Athena see what it is to live in a facist country like Portugal was .

Amiga. Athena ver o que é viver num país facista como era Portugal.
 
Mar 2017
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709
Matosinhos Portugal
Dictadura de Salazar


ditadura de Salazar 1932 a 1968 - Tradu??o em ingl?s – Linguee link Portugueses Inglês



ditadura salazarista - Tradu??o em ingl?s – Linguee Link in Portuguese English


Estado novo Salazar - Tradu??o em ingl?s – Linguee ----- ---- ---- --------



António de Oliveira Salazar - Wikipedia ---------------- ------ ------------





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In all schools had this photo

Américo Tomaz and Salazar with the cross of Jesus Christ in the middle

Em todas as escolas tinha esta foto

Américo Tomaz e Salazar com a cruz de Jesus Cristo no meio

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Portugal had the death penalty and the world did not know

Portugal tinha a pena de morte e o mundo não sabia

Long live the revolution 25 April 1974
Viva á revolução 25 Abril 1974