USA.... an abbreviation or an acronym?

Dec 2018
ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes. It defines three sets of country codes

ISO 3166-1 - Wikipedia

United States


United Kingdom


2-Letter, 3-Letter, Country Codes for All Countries in the World
Dec 2018
Politically, Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and constitutes most of its territory.
Most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island.
The term "Great Britain" is often used to include the whole of England, Scotland and Wales including their component adjoining islands;
Great Britain refers geographically to the island of Great Britain. It is also often used to refer politically to the whole of England, Scotland and Wales, including their smaller off shore islands.[26] While it is sometimes used to refer to the whole of the United Kingdom, including Northern Ireland, this is not correct.
Similarly, Britain can refer to either all islands in Great Britain, the largest island, or the political grouping of countries.[29] There is no clear distinction, even in government documents: the UK government yearbooks have used both Britain[30] and United Kingdom.[31]

GB and GBR are used instead of UK in some international codes to refer to the United Kingdom, including the Universal Postal Union, international sports teams, NATO, the International Organization for Standardization country codes ISO 3166-2 and ISO 3166-1 alpha-3, and international licence plate codes.

Great Britain - Wikipedia

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK[14] or Britain.
The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

United Kingdom - Wikipedia

The region that is now Northern Ireland was the bedrock of the Irish war of resistance against English programmes of colonialism in the late 16th century. The English-controlled Kingdom of Ireland had been declared by the English king Henry VIII in 1542, but Irish resistance made English control fragmentary.

The main political divide in Northern Ireland is between unionists, who wish to see Northern Ireland continue as part of the United Kingdom, and nationalists, who wish to see Northern Ireland unified with the Republic of Ireland, independent from the United Kingdom.

In 2007, 36% of the population defined themselves as unionist, 24% as nationalist and 40% defined themselves as neither.[57] According to a 2015 opinion poll, 70% express a long-term preference of the maintenance of Northern Ireland's membership of the United Kingdom (either directly ruled or with devolved government), while 14% express a preference for membership of a united Ireland.[58] This discrepancy can be explained by the overwhelming preference among Protestants to remain a part of the UK (93%), while Catholic preferences are spread across a number of solutions to the constitutional question including remaining a part of the UK (47%), a united Ireland (32%), Northern Ireland becoming an independent state (4%), and those who "don't know" (16%).

Northern Ireland - Wikipedia

In the 2011 census in Northern Ireland respondents gave their national identity as follows:

British 48.4%
Irish 28.4%
Northern Irish 29.4%
English, Scottish, or Welsh 1.6%
All other 3.4%

People born in Northern Ireland are, with some exceptions, deemed by UK law to be citizens of the United Kingdom. They are also, with similar exceptions, entitled to be citizens of Ireland. This entitlement was reaffirmed in the 1998 Good Friday Agreement between the British and Irish governments, which provides that: is the birthright of all the people of Northern Ireland to identify themselves and be accepted as Irish or British, or both, as they may so choose, and accordingly [the two governments] confirm that their right to hold both British and Irish citizenship is accepted by both Governments and would not be affected by any future change in the status of Northern Ireland.​
English is spoken as a first language by almost all of the Northern Ireland population. It is the de facto official language and the Administration of Justice (Language) Act (Ireland) 1737 prohibits the use of languages other than English in legal proceedings.

In the 2011 census, 11% of the population of Northern Ireland claimed "some knowledge of Irish"[102] and 3.7% reported being able to "speak, read, write and understand" Irish.[102] In another survey, from 1999, 1% of respondents said they spoke it as their main language at home.

Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Northern Ireland - Wikipedia

Grammar schools are state secondary schools that select their pupils by means of an examination taken by children at age 11

Grammar schools: What are they?
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Dec 2018
Dec 2018
Definition of a state:
A territory built by conquest in which one culture, one set of ideals and one set of laws have been imposed by force or threat over diverse nations by a civilian and military bureaucracy. States are ephemeral and originate and disappear with the stroke of a pen (e.g. the end of the U.S.S.R., December 25, 1991).

Sovereign Nations - The independent states of the world - Nations Online Project

The word state and its cognates in some other European languages (stato in Italian, estado in Spanish and Portuguese, état in French, Staat in German) ultimately derive from the Latin word status, meaning "condition, circumstances".

The English noun state in the generic sense "condition, circumstances" predates the political sense. It is introduced to Middle English c. 1200 both from Old Frenchand directly from Latin.

There is no academic consensus on the most appropriate definition of the state.[7] The term "state" refers to a set of different, but interrelated and often overlapping, theories about a certain range of political phenomena.[8] The act of defining the term can be seen as part of an ideological conflict, because different definitions lead to different theories of state function, and as a result validate different political strategies.[9] According to Jeffrey and Painter, "if we define the 'essence' of the state in one place or era, we are liable to find that in another time or space something which is also understood to be a state has different 'essential' characteristics".

State (polity) - Wikipedia

A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity, or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture. A nation is distinct from a people,[1] and is more abstract, and more overtly political, than an ethnic group.[2] It is a cultural-political community that has become conscious of its autonomy, unity, and particular interests.[3]

Black's Law Dictionary defines a nation as follows:

nation, n. (14c) 1. A large group of people having a common origin, language, and tradition and usu. constituting a political entity. • When a nation is coincident with a state, the term nation-state is often used....​
2. A community of people inhabiting a defined territory and organized under an independent government; a sovereign political state....​
Nation - Wikipedia
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Dec 2018
If you are an Irish citizen, you may also hold dual citizenship, that is, citizenship of another country. You should be aware that certain countries do not recognise dual citizenship.

If you are an Irish citizen living abroad, and you wish to apply for citizenship of another country you may be required to renounce your Irish citizenship.

Citizens Information

82.79 million (2017)

United Kingdom/Population
66.02 million (2017)

United States of America/Population
325.7 million (2017)

Northern Ireland/Population
1.875 million (2017)
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Dec 2018
If 'UK' stands for 'United Kingdom' and without the use of a 'period', and if 'US' stands for 'United States' and without the use of a 'period', would 'USA' be 'United States America' without the use of a 'period'?

Antigua and Barbuda: AG - ATG

Bosnia and Herzegovina: BA - BIH

Iran, Islamic Republic of: IR - IRN

Micronesia, Federated States: of FM - FSM

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: VC - VCT

Sao Tome and Principe: ST - STP

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands: GS - SGS

Svalbard and Jan Mayen: SJ - SJM

Trinidad and Tobago: TT - TTO

Turks and Caicos Islands: TC - TCA

United States: US - USA (Where did the 'A' come from)

It is most similar to:

Micronesia, Federated States of: FM - FSM


America, United States of: US - USA

2-Letter, 3-Letter, Country Codes for All Countries in the World
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Dec 2018

Does the saying 'f you' imply or make you feel as if that person is wanting you 'to go and die'?

'f you' - 'kill yourself'
'go f yourself' - 'go kill yourself'
'f off' - 'go kill yourself/ go kill off'
'f'in shi*' - 'killing shi*'
'mother f'-er' - 'mother killer'
'f'-in as*hole' - 'killing as*hole'
'f you, you mother f'-er' - 'kill yourself, you mother killer'

lawlessness - saving life or 'killing' life?

saving life or 'killing' life?

fūcō (present infinitive fūcāre, perfect active fūcāvī, supine fūcātum); first conjugation

  1. I colour, paint, dye
  2. I embellish, dissemble, falsify

to embellish, to dissemble, to falsify...

saving life or 'killing' life?

If I falsify my mother or if I dissemble my mother or if I embellish my mother, is that saving life or would I be 'killing' my mother? Would I be a 'mother f' -er'?
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Dec 2018

2 minutes into the video:

'as God has shown us by turning stone to bread and so we all must lend a helping hand'.....

Did God really turn stone into bread?

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